Let’s start with the basics. Multiple myeloma (MM) is a rare cancer of plasma cells in the bone marrow.
The main goal of treatment is to destroy as many myeloma cells as possible. However, myeloma cells are difficult to eliminate completely. Even as successful treatments destroy many or most of the myeloma cells, other myeloma cells may remain and can begin to grow again.
Even after a successful response to treatment...
Myeloma cells can still come back and begin to grow out of control again. This is called a relapse.
During a course of treatment...
Some cells may have become resistant to treatment and will keep growing out of control. This is called being refractory.
Discover detailed definitions of relapse and refractory:
If you relapse or become refractory to your current treatment, you may need to try a different type of treatment to produce a response. Researchers are constantly looking into new treatments—such as immunotherapies—to help treat this specific type of MM.
Knowing how your needs change over time could help inform your treatment options as they become available.
Read about how researchers target MM cells for relapsed and refractory patients.
Master the definitions you’ll need to know when researching MM. Learn the language.
Explore current and developing treatments for MM. Learn about your options.
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